THE EXCHANGE: Current Volume/Issue

Volume 3, Issue 2
April 2020


RESEARCH ABSTRACTS


Sexual abuse and assault in a large national sample of children and adolescents. Gewirtz-Meydan, A., & Finkelhor, D. (2020) Child Maltreatment, 25(2), 203 -214

Summary:

The present study sought to examine features of sexual abuse cases among a U.S. nationally representative sample of 13,052 children and adolescents, ages 0–17 years. Results indicate most offenses are at the hands of other juveniles (76.7% for males and 70.1% for females), primarily acquaintances, and occurring more frequently for adolescents aged 14–17. Whereas girls are mostly abused by males (88.4%), boys are abused by both males (45.6%) and females (54.4%).

Rural child maltreatment: A scoping literature review. Maguire-Jack, K., Jespersen, B., Korbin, J.E., & Spilsbury, J.C. (2020) Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1 -10

Summary:

The current study sought to review existing knowledge on rural child maltreatment. A scoping literature review was conducted to answer whether maltreatment is higher in rural areas compared to urban areas and whether there are unique correlates of maltreatment in rural areas. Of the studies reviewed, five reported higher rates of maltreatment in rural areas, four reported higher rates in urban areas. Overall, child maltreatment rates tended to be higher in urban areas among people of color and higher in rural areas among White people.

A systematic review of barriers to formal help seeking for adult survivors of intimate partner violence in the United States, 2005 -2019 Robinson, S.R., Ravi, K., & Voth Schrag, R.J. (2020) Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1 -17.

Summary:

For individuals experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV), formal services are critical resources but barriers often exist to survivors accessing these services. This review identified six key barriers: (1) lack of awareness, (2) access challenges, (3) consequences of disclosure, (4) lack of material resources, (5) personal barriers, and (6) system failures.

Intimate partner homicides in the United States, 2003 – 2013: A comparison of immigrants and nonimmigrant victims Sabri, B., Campbell, J.C., Messing, J.T. (2018) Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 -23

Summary:

This study examined differences in characteristics of killings of native-born and foreign-born (immigrant) residents in the United States. Women were the victims in 77.4% of intimate partner homicides (IPHs), with a greater proportion of women victims of IPHs being foreign-born than U.S.-born. Foreign-born women killed by their partners were more likely than U.S.-born women to be young, married, and killed by a young partner who stabbed, strangled, or suffocated them.

An updated review of institutions of higher education’s responses to sexual assault: Results from a nationally representative sample Richards, T.N. (2020) Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 34(10), 1983 – 2012

Summary:

It has been more than a decade since the national 1999 study (Karjane, Fisher, & Cullen, 2002) reviewed a nationally representative sample of Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs) and documented “sexual assault on college campuses” and “what colleges are doing about it.” The current research aimed to examine the current state of IHE’s response to campus sexual assault as well as any changes in IHE’s response over the previous decade. This study provides a comparison of the data reported in the original report with 2015 data from a statistically equivalent sample.

Prosecutorial response to nonfatal strangulation in domestic violence cases Reckdenwald, A., King, D.J., & Pritchard, A.J. (2020) Violence and Victims, 35(2), 160 – 175

Summary:

Recent research has pointed to the need for systematic law enforcement training on domestic violence when nonfatal strangulation is involved to improve evidence-based prosecution of these potentially deadly assaults; however, virtually no research has examined the legal response to nonfatal strangulation since many states have made it a separate criminal felony. The current exploratory study examines filing, charging, and adjudication decisions of nonfatal strangulation cases over a 3-year period based on evidence documentation in law enforcement reports to explore how these cases are handled by the criminal justice system in Brevard County, Florida. Results support previous research showing the importance of training police officers and other personnel as insufficient evidence may be one possible factor limiting the prosecutors’ ability to successfully prosecute domestic violence strangulation offenders to the highest extent available under the law. Implications spread across multiple disciplines.


SELECT RECENT KENTUCKY APPELLATE CASES

Access to Appellate Cases Made Possible by the Administrative Office of the Courts
Relating to affirming conviction and sentencing in assault/PFO case
Court: Supreme Court
Case Number:

2015-SC-000370-MR


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: February 16, 2017
Relating to KRS 501.030 setting forth mens rea for criminal liability
Court: Supreme Court
Case Number:

2015-SC-000021-DG


Case Status: Published Case
Rendered Date: April 27, 2017
Relating to denial of an entry of a DVO
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2019-CA-000772-ME


Case Status: Published Case
Rendered Date: March 13, 2020
Relating to custody and visitation, impact of presence of domestic violence pursuant to KRS 403.315
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2019-CA-000521-ME


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: February 7, 2020
Relating to criminal attempt to commit murder of a wife
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2018-CA-001745-MR


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: January 31, 2020
Relating to admittance of gun evidence in rape conviction
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2017-CA-000495-MR and 2018-CA-001881-MR


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: January 31, 2020
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