THE EXCHANGE: Current Volume/Issue

Volume 3, Issue 3
July 2020


RESEARCH ABSTRACTS


Retained bullets after firearm injury: A survey on surgeon practice patterns Smith, R.N., Tracy, B.M., Smith, S., Johnson, S., Martin, N.D., & Seamon, M.J. (2020)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 21

Summary:

This study explored the practice of retaining bullets during/following surgery. Researchers found that a minority of surgeons are likely to remove bullets and that psychological conditions are rare indications for bulletectomy. Pain (88.1%) and a palpable bullet (71.2%) were the most frequent indications for removal.

Mosaic or melting pot? Race and juror decision making in Canada and the United States Maeder, E.M., McManus, L.A. (2020)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 1 – 22

Summary:

This study investigated the impact of race in jury decision making by assessing the influence of defendant race on Canadian and American participants’ verdicts in an assault trial. The study also examined mock jurors’ attributions of the defendant’s behavior and their perceptions of the cultural criminal stereotype for each racial group. Results demonstrated that although verdicts did not significantly differ as a function of defendant race or country, stability and control attributions did vary between Canadian and American participants, as did racial stereotypes. In addition, defendant race affected internal versus external attributions, regardless of country.

Understanding intimate partner violence involving the deaf population Mastrocinque, J.M., Cerulli, C. Thew, D., Chin, N.P., & Pollard, R.Q. (2020)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 1 – 23

Summary:

This study explored the social context of interpersonal violence (IPV) perpetration involving the deaf population through interviews with deaf or hard-of-hearing individuals who self-identified as perpetrating either physical or sexual abuse in an intimate relationship where at least one partner was deaf. Findings were compared with IPV trends in the general (hearing) population, and prompt concerns that universal IPV interventions may not effectively address the needs of the deaf population. Recommendations for diversifying screening efforts, modifying screening tools, and tailoring interventions to better address IPV involving deaf and hard-of-hearing populations is discussed in the article.

Low resting heart rate and stalking perpetration Boisvert, D., Wells, J., Armstrong, T., Lewis, R.H., Woeckener, M., & Nobles, M.R. (2020)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 35(11-12), 2271 – 2296

Summary:

There is evidence to suggest that individuals with low resting heart rate are more likely to engage in a variety of antisocial behaviors. The present study examines whether this finding can be extended to stalking. It was found that individuals with low resting heart rates had significantly greater odds of engaging in stalking behavior, although this was only true for males, not for females.

Connecting the dots: Identifying suspected serial sexual offenders through forensic DNA evidence Campbell, R., Feeney, H., Goodman-Williams, R., Sharma, & Pierce, S.J. (2020)

Psychology of Violence, 10(3). 255 – 267

Summary:

This study examined the forensic DNA testing results from a large sample of sexual assault kits to gain further understanding of patterns of sexual offending. Results found that over one-third of the perpetrators in the study had two or more sexual assaults linked via DNA which is higher than what has been previously documented in recidivism studies (recidivism is the relapsing of criminal behavior).

Do you believe your partner is capable of killing you? An examination of female IPV survivors’ perceptions of fatality risk indicators Johnson, L., Cusano, J.L., Nikolova, K., Steiner, J.J., & Postmus, J.L. (2020) Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 26.

Summary:

This study examined the factors most associated with lethality risk for survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Different analyses were used to differentiate between women who believed their partners were capable of killing them and those who did not.

Risk factors for male perpetration and female victimization of intimate partner homicide: A Meta-Analysis Spencer, C.M., & Stith, S.M. (2020)

Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 21(3), 527 – 560

Summary:

This study reports that the strongest risk factors for intimate partner homicide (IPH) were the perpetrator having direct access to a gun, perpetrator’s previous nonfatal strangulation, perpetrator’s previous rape of the victim, perpetrator’s previous threat with a weapon, the perpetrator’s demonstration of controlling behaviors, and the perpetrator’s previous threats to harm the victim. Implications for law enforcement personnel, medical professionals, victim advocates, mental health professionals, and other professionals who may be in contact with potential IPH perpetrators and victims are discussed in this article.

Childhood exposure to partner violence as a moderator of current partner violence and negative parenting Hasselle, A.J., Howell, K.H., Thurston, I.B., Kamody, R.C., & Crossnine, C.B. (2020)

Violence Against Women, 26(8), 851-869

Summary:

This study examined the interactive effect of mothers’ exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) during childhood and the impact of IPV on negative parenting practices. Mothers were recruited from community sites serving individuals experiencing IPV. Findings indicated that the following childhood IPV exposure variables moderated the association between current IPV severity and negative parenting practices: total types of IPV witnessed, witnessing sexual IPV, and witnessing psychological IPV. Results highlight the intergenerational effect of violence and the importance of addressing trauma across the family system.


SELECT RECENT KENTUCKY APPELLATE CASES

Access to Appellate Cases Made Possible by the Administrative Office of the Courts
Domestic Homicide Case Raising Issues on Jury Instructions, Prior Bad Acts, and Other Evidence
Court: Supreme Court
Case Number:

2018-SC-000133-MR


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: October 31, 2019
Murder and Abuse of a Corpse
Court: Supreme Court
Case Number:

2016-SC-000486-MR


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: February 15, 2018
Appeal of IPO including Definition of Stalking
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2019-CA-001238-ME


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: February 14, 2020
Appeal Based on Claim that Jury Instructions Regarding Assault of an Unmarried Couple Were Erroneous
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number: 2018-CA-000036-MR
Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: September 20, 2019
Motion to Amend Due to Lack of Evidence of Alleged Sexual Assault
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2018-CA-000019-ME


Case Status: Published Case
Rendered Date: January 25, 2019
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