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THE EXCHANGE: Current Volume/Issue

Volume 5, Issue 4
October 2022


RESEARCH ABSTRACTS


“Just Bring Us the Real Ones”: The Role of Forensic Crime Laboratories in Guarding the Gateway to Justice for Sexual Assault Victims Campbell, R., & Fehler-Cabral, G. (2022).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(7-8), 3675 – 3702.

Summary:

Less than 10% of sexual assault cases reported to the police end in a conviction or guilty plea. The most precipitous drop-off in case progression occurs quite early as law enforcement personnel clear most cases without a referral to prosecutors.Throughout the U.S., hundreds of thousands of sexual assault kits have never been submitted by law enforcement personnel to a crime laboratory for forensic DNA testing. The purpose of this study was to explore the collaboration between police and crime lab personnel regarding SAK submissions.

 

Disclosure of Sexual Assault Among Sexual and Gender Minorities: A Systematic Literature Review Edwards, K.M., Mauer, V.A., Huff, M., Farquhar-Leicester, A., Sutton, T.E., & Ullman, S.E. (2022).

Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 0(0), 1 – 16.

Summary:

Sexual assault is common in sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals, but few studies have examined SGM victims’ disclosure experiences. Bisexual women were more likely to disclose to formal and informal sources than other women, and SGM victims disclose to mental health professionals at particularly high rates. SGM victims also reported key barriers to disclosure. Impacts of negative social reactions appear to be more negative on psychological symptoms of SGM victims, whereas positive reactions are helpful to recovery.

 

Encouraging Asian Immigrant Women to Disclose Intimate Partner Violence in Primary Care Settings Tavrow, P., Azucar, D., Huynh, D., Yoo, C., Liang, D., Pathomrit, W., & Withers, M. (2022).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(7-8), 5626 – 5648.

Summary:

Studies have found that Asian immigrant women who experience IPV are less likely than other immigrant women to report abuse to authorities or to access services.  The main objective of this study was to obtain Asian immigrant women’s assessments on whether watching videos placed in clinic consultation rooms could prompt patients to discuss IPV with their provider.

 

Sex Offenses Perpetrated Against Older Adults: A Multivariate Analysis of Crime Scene Behaviors Almond, L., Sainsbury, M., & McManus, M. (2022).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(7-8), 4815 – 4839.

Summary:

The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between crime scene behaviors and background characteristics of offenders who commit sexual offenses against female victims aged 60 years or older. Applications for law enforcement agencies regarding identified themes and links with likely offender background characteristics are highlighted.

 

Integrating the Literature on Lethal Violence: A Comparison of Mass Murder, Homicide, and Homicide-Suicide Fridel, E.E. (2022).

Homicide Studies, 26(2). 123 – 147.

Summary:

This study compares the incident, victim, and offender characteristics of: (1) mass murderers and homicide offenders; and (2) mass murder-suicide offenders and homicide-suicide perpetrators. Findings show that mass murderers are distinct from both homicide and homicide-suicide perpetrators and represent a unique type of violent offender.

 

Witnessing Intimate Partner Violence as a Child and Associated Consequences Stiller, A., Neubert, M.A., & Krieg, Y. (2021).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0(0), 1 – 30.

Summary:

The present paper takes a closer look at children’s violent behavior, attitudes and quality of life. Results indicate that IPV has a significant negative effect on children’s quality of life, in particular on children’s sense of security at home and children’s life satisfaction.


SELECT RECENT KENTUCKY APPELLATE CASES

Access to Appellate Cases Made Possible by the Administrative Office of the Courts
Sexual Assault; Juvenile Law; KRS 640.075(4); Probation Reconsideration; KRS 532.045(2)
Court: Supreme Court
Case Number:

2020-SC-0473-DG


Case Status: Published Case
Rendered Date: June 16, 2022
Sexual Assault; Strangulation; Dating Violence; Assault; Attempted Murder
Court: Supreme Court
Case Number:

2021-SC-0113-MR


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: August 18, 2022
Emergency Protective Order; Personal Jurisdiction
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2021-CA-1343-ME


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: August 19, 2022
Domestic Violence Order
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2022-CA-0171-ME


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: August 26, 2022
Domestic Violence Order
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2022-CA-0090-ME


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: October 19, 2022
Domestic Violence Order; Personal Jurisdiction; Forum
Court: Court of Appeals
Case Number:

2021-CA-0898-ME


Case Status: Unpublished Case
Rendered Date: August 12, 2022