Browse Research Abstracts

Place, injury patterns, and female-victim intimate partner homicide. Reckdenwald, A., Szalewski, A., & Yohros, A. (2019). Violence Against Women, 25(6), 654 – 676.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

Research has demonstrated that place (community of victim’s home) matters in the study of intimate partner violence (IPV) and intimate partner homicide (IPH), with rural women experiencing more severe IPV and a higher risk of IPH. This study used the National Violent Death Reporting System and explored the impact of place on both IPV and IPH.

The impact of stalking-related fear and gender on personal safety outcomes. Logan, TK., & Walker, R. (2019). Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 23.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Judges, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Stalking

Summary:

Research has consistently found that women worry more about their personal safety and feel more vulnerable to most every crime when compared with men. However, few studies include stalking as part of the victimization history. This study used a sample of 2,719 men and women and examined the prevalence and impact of stalking and stalking-related fear on concern about personal safety, perceived vulnerability to an attack, perceptions that risk of victimization is higher due to personal characteristics, discomfort when thinking about safety, and posttraumatic stress symptoms.  

Child protective service referrals involving exposure to domestic violence: Prevalence, associated maltreatment types, and likelihood of formal case openings. Victor, B.G., Henry, C., Gilbert, T.T., Ryan, J.P., & Perron, B. E. (2019). Child Maltreatment, 1 – 11.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Child witness to IPV

Summary:

The exposure of children to intimate partner violence (IPV) is now widely understood as potentially harmful to children, leading many child protection agencies in the U.S. to define child exposure to IPV as constituting child maltreatment.  The current study investigated substantiated child abuse directly related to IPV to better understand these patterns and how child protection workers respond under the “harm or threatened harm” standard.

When a woman kills her man: Gender and victim precipitation in homicide. Suonpää, K., & Savolainen, J. (2019). Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 16.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

This research study examined homicide cases and application of the concept of victim-precipitation, particularly in instances in which a female kills her intimate partner. The results from data analysis demonstrated strong support for the assumption that killings by women of their male intimate partners are more likely to have been victim precipitated than other types of homicide.

When daddy stalks mommy: Experiences of intimate partner stalking and involvement of social and legal authorities when stalker and victim have children together. Løkkegaard, S.S., Hansen, N.B., Wolf, N.M., & Elklit, A. (2019). Violence Against Women, 1 – 19.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Judges, Law Enforcement, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Stalking

Summary: Most stalkers are current/former intimates, and the severity of stalking often increases when the stalker and victim share children. This study revealed rates of stalking when the victim and offender had shared children; that friends or family members of the stalker were involved in his stalking; and the children were also targeted. Encounters with several agencies were common, but respondents were often not recognized as victims of stalking and were demoralized by extensive case proceedings.

The effect of victim resistance on rape completion: A meta-analysis. Wong, J.S. & Balemba, S. (2018). Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 19(3), 352 - 365.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Judges, Law Enforcement, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2019
Keywords: Sexual assault

Summary: When confronted with a rapist, women are understandably concerned with avoiding rape completion. Results from this literature review suggest that women who resist their attacker (physical, verbal, or resistance of any kind) are significantly more likely to avoid the rape. Importantly, the study notes risks, including increased victim injury, that accompany resistance.

Homicides and weapons: Examining the covariates of weapon choice. Pelletier, K.R., & Pizarro, J.M. (2019). Homicide Studies, 23(10), 41-63.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Judges, Law Enforcement, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2019
Keywords: Other crime or violence

Summary: This study analyzed the choice of weapons in homicide cases. Findings suggest that firearms are more likely to be carried on the offender’s person to the scene relative to other weapon types. The use of types of weapons is also impacted by age, gender, victim-offender relationship and lifestyle characteristics.

Body recovery after the “First 48”: Implications for sexual homicide investigations. Reale, K., & Beauregard, E. (2018). Homicide Studies, 1 -19.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Judges, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2019
Keywords: Sexual assault, Other crime or violence

Summary: This study explored factors influencing body recovery in sexual homicide cases. Offender characteristics, victimology, contact scene and body recovery locations, and forensic awareness strategies used by the offender predicted body recovery after the first 48 hours.

Factors related to depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in shelter-based abused women. Jonker, I.E., Lako, D.A.M., Beijersbergen, M.D., Sijbrandij, M., van Hemert, A.M., & Wolf, J.R.L.M. (2018). This study examined the variables associated with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in abused women who were residing in protective shelters. Violence Against Women, 1 – 20.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Mental Health Professionals
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence)

Summary: This study examined the variables associated with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in abused women who were residing in protective shelters.

Characteristics of different types of childhood violence and the risk of revictimization. Strøm, I.F., Aakvaag, H.E., & Wentzel-Larsen, T. (2019). Violence Against Women, 1 – 21.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Mental Health Professionals
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2019
Keywords: Sexual assault, Other crime or violence

Summary: This study investigates the characteristics of different forms of childhood abuse and their association with revictimization among women and men. Results from the study showed that exposure to childhood abuse, regardless of type, was associated with adult victimization.

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