Browse Research Abstracts

A systematic review of barriers to formal help seeking for adult survivors of intimate partner violence in the United States, 2005 -2019 Robinson, S.R., Ravi, K., & Voth Schrag, R.J. (2020) Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1 -17.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence)

Summary:

For individuals experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV), formal services are critical resources but barriers often exist to survivors accessing these services. This review identified six key barriers: (1) lack of awareness, (2) access challenges, (3) consequences of disclosure, (4) lack of material resources, (5) personal barriers, and (6) system failures.

Intimate partner homicides in the United States, 2003 – 2013: A comparison of immigrants and nonimmigrant victims Sabri, B., Campbell, J.C., Messing, J.T. (2018) Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 -23

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

This study examined differences in characteristics of killings of native-born and foreign-born (immigrant) residents in the United States. Women were the victims in 77.4% of intimate partner homicides (IPHs), with a greater proportion of women victims of IPHs being foreign-born than U.S.-born. Foreign-born women killed by their partners were more likely than U.S.-born women to be young, married, and killed by a young partner who stabbed, strangled, or suffocated them.

An updated review of institutions of higher education’s responses to sexual assault: Results from a nationally representative sample Richards, T.N. (2020) Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 34(10), 1983 – 2012

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2020
Keywords: Sexual assault

Summary:

It has been more than a decade since the national 1999 study (Karjane, Fisher, & Cullen, 2002) reviewed a nationally representative sample of Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs) and documented “sexual assault on college campuses” and “what colleges are doing about it.” The current research aimed to examine the current state of IHE’s response to campus sexual assault as well as any changes in IHE’s response over the previous decade. This study provides a comparison of the data reported in the original report with 2015 data from a statistically equivalent sample.

Prosecutorial response to nonfatal strangulation in domestic violence cases Reckdenwald, A., King, D.J., & Pritchard, A.J. (2020) Violence and Victims, 35(2), 160 – 175

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

Recent research has pointed to the need for systematic law enforcement training on domestic violence when nonfatal strangulation is involved to improve evidence-based prosecution of these potentially deadly assaults; however, virtually no research has examined the legal response to nonfatal strangulation since many states have made it a separate criminal felony. The current exploratory study examines filing, charging, and adjudication decisions of nonfatal strangulation cases over a 3-year period based on evidence documentation in law enforcement reports to explore how these cases are handled by the criminal justice system in Brevard County, Florida. Results support previous research showing the importance of training police officers and other personnel as insufficient evidence may be one possible factor limiting the prosecutors’ ability to successfully prosecute domestic violence strangulation offenders to the highest extent available under the law. Implications spread across multiple disciplines.

Alcohol, Marijuana, and Dating Abuse Perpetration by Young Adults: Results of a Daily Call Study Emily F. Rothman, Gregory L. Stuart, Jeff R. Temple, and Timothy Heeren. Violence Against Women 2018, Vol. 24(10) 1187–1206

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 1 - THE EXCHANGE - January 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Sexual assault, Stalking

Summary:

The purpose of this study was to investigate same-day alcohol or marijuana use and dating abuse (DA) perpetration in a sample of 60 noncollege-attending young adults.

Exploration of Crime Scene Characteristics in Cyber-Related Homicides F. Jeane Gerard, Norair Khachatryan, and Bethany Browning (2019). Homicide Studies, 1–24

Type of Profession: Advocates, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 1 - THE EXCHANGE - January 2020
Keywords: Sexual assault, Other crime or violence

Summary:

Despite the alarming nature of homicides in which the offender meets the victim online, or cyber-initiated homicides, little empirical attention has been devoted to this phenomenon. The present study was designed to explore the behavioral patterns found prior to and during a cyber-initiated homicide event.

Health Care Providers’ Readiness to Identify and Respond to Intimate Partner Violence Lynette M. Renner, PhD, MSW, Qi Wang, MS, Mary E. Logeais, MD, and Cari Jo Clark, ScD, MPH (2019). Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1–28

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Mental Health Professionals
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 1 - THE EXCHANGE - January 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Sexual assault, Stalking

Summary:

Screening rates for intimate partner violence (IPV) among most health care providers are low; yet, positive interactions with providers can benefit people who experience IPV, with respect to increased safety, support, and self-efficacy. Missing is a broad assessment and comparison of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior across the range of providers who are likely to be involved in a response to IPV disclosure.

Is Campus Rape Primarily a Serial or One-Time Problem? Evidence From a Multicampus Study John D. Foubert, Angela Clark-Taylor, and Andrew F. Wall (2019). Violence Against Women, 1–16

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 1 - THE EXCHANGE - January 2020
Keywords: Sexual assault

Summary:

This study examined the prevalence and repeat offenses of college men, including fraternity men and student athletes, taking advantage of someone sexually while under the influence of alcohol.

Profiles of Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence Maria M. Galano, PhD, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, PhD, Hannah M. Clark, PhD, Sara F. Stein, MS, MSW, LMSW, and Sandra A. Graham-Bermann, PhD

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1–23

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 1 - THE EXCHANGE - January 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Child witness to IPV, Sexual assault, Stalking

Summary:

Childhood exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with a host of problems, including the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). PTSS include a wide range of unique symptomatology and as a result, clinical presentations of PTSS can vary in both distribution and overall number of symptoms. The goal of the current study is to (a) document patterns of PTSS severity and distribution in children with histories of witnessing IPV, (b) examine the factors that predict different PTSS presentations, and (c) investigate how PTSS presentation is associated with functional impairment.

Risk Factors for Severe Violence in Intimate Partner Stalking Situations: An Analysis of Police Records Martyna Bendlin, BPsych (Hons) and Lorraine Sheridan, PhD

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1–22

Type of Profession: Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 1 - THE EXCHANGE - January 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Child witness to IPV, Sexual assault, Stalking

Summary:

Stalkers can be violent, and empirical studies have sought to identify factors associated with violence perpetrated by the stalker. Most of these works view physical violence as a homogeneous construct and do not differentiate between moderate and severe violence. The present study aims to identify correlates of nonviolent, moderate, and severe physical violence within an archival sample of 369 domestically violent police incident reports, where stalking behavior was indicated.

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