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Browse Research Abstracts

“Just Bring Us the Real Ones”: The Role of Forensic Crime Laboratories in Guarding the Gateway to Justice for Sexual Assault Victims Campbell, R., & Fehler-Cabral, G. (2022).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(7-8), 3675 – 3702.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2022
Keywords: Sexual Violence

Summary:

Less than 10% of sexual assault cases reported to the police end in a conviction or guilty plea. The most precipitous drop-off in case progression occurs quite early as law enforcement personnel clear most cases without a referral to prosecutors.Throughout the U.S., hundreds of thousands of sexual assault kits have never been submitted by law enforcement personnel to a crime laboratory for forensic DNA testing. The purpose of this study was to explore the collaboration between police and crime lab personnel regarding SAK submissions.

 

Disclosure of Sexual Assault Among Sexual and Gender Minorities: A Systematic Literature Review Edwards, K.M., Mauer, V.A., Huff, M., Farquhar-Leicester, A., Sutton, T.E., & Ullman, S.E. (2022).

Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 0(0), 1 – 16.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2022
Keywords: Sexual Violence

Summary:

Sexual assault is common in sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals, but few studies have examined SGM victims’ disclosure experiences. Bisexual women were more likely to disclose to formal and informal sources than other women, and SGM victims disclose to mental health professionals at particularly high rates. SGM victims also reported key barriers to disclosure. Impacts of negative social reactions appear to be more negative on psychological symptoms of SGM victims, whereas positive reactions are helpful to recovery.

 

Encouraging Asian Immigrant Women to Disclose Intimate Partner Violence in Primary Care Settings Tavrow, P., Azucar, D., Huynh, D., Yoo, C., Liang, D., Pathomrit, W., & Withers, M. (2022).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(7-8), 5626 – 5648.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2022
Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) (Domestic Violence)

Summary:

Studies have found that Asian immigrant women who experience IPV are less likely than other immigrant women to report abuse to authorities or to access services.  The main objective of this study was to obtain Asian immigrant women’s assessments on whether watching videos placed in clinic consultation rooms could prompt patients to discuss IPV with their provider.

 

Sex Offenses Perpetrated Against Older Adults: A Multivariate Analysis of Crime Scene Behaviors Almond, L., Sainsbury, M., & McManus, M. (2022).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(7-8), 4815 – 4839.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2022
Keywords: Sexual Violence

Summary:

The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between crime scene behaviors and background characteristics of offenders who commit sexual offenses against female victims aged 60 years or older. Applications for law enforcement agencies regarding identified themes and links with likely offender background characteristics are highlighted.

 

Integrating the Literature on Lethal Violence: A Comparison of Mass Murder, Homicide, and Homicide-Suicide Fridel, E.E. (2022).

Homicide Studies, 26(2). 123 – 147.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2022
Keywords: Sexual Violence

Summary:

This study compares the incident, victim, and offender characteristics of: (1) mass murderers and homicide offenders; and (2) mass murder-suicide offenders and homicide-suicide perpetrators. Findings show that mass murderers are distinct from both homicide and homicide-suicide perpetrators and represent a unique type of violent offender.

 

Witnessing Intimate Partner Violence as a Child and Associated Consequences Stiller, A., Neubert, M.A., & Krieg, Y. (2021).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0(0), 1 – 30.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2022
Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) (Domestic Violence), Child Witness to IPV

Summary:

The present paper takes a closer look at children’s violent behavior, attitudes and quality of life. Results indicate that IPV has a significant negative effect on children’s quality of life, in particular on children’s sense of security at home and children’s life satisfaction.

Mock Jurors’ Perceptions of Child Sexual Abuse Cases: Investigating the Role of Delayed Disclosure and Relationship to the Perpetrator Miller, Q.C., Call, A.A., & London, K. (2022).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0(0), 1 – 23.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2022
Keywords: Child Maltreatment, Sexual Violence

Summary:

This study explored the role of delay in cases involving family member (stepfather) versus non-family member (next-door neighbor) defendants. Jurors’ perceptions of delayed disclosure may vary as a function of the closeness of the victim’s relationship to the defendant. Understanding how potential jurors react to these variables is of critical value for the courts and will advance our insight on the need for trial-level safeguards.

 

Reproductive Coercion, Intimate Partner Violence, and Unintended Pregnancy Among Latina Women Grace, K.T., Decker, M.R., Alexander, K.A., Campbell, J., Miller, E., Perrin, N., & Glass, N. (2022).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(3-4), 1604–1636.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2022
Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) (Domestic Violence)

Summary:

The study examined the prevalence and risk factors for reproductive coercion (RC), IPV, and unintended pregnancy among Latina women. The study highlights the risk of RC and its intersection with IPV and unintended pregnancy for Latina women and explores use of safety and harm reduction strategies.

 

Sexual Abuse in the Orthodox Jewish Community: A Literature Review Lusky-Weisrose, E., Marmor, A., & Tener, D. (2021).

Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 22(5), 1086 – 1103.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2022
Keywords: Sexual Assault

Summary:

This study reviewed the literature on sexual abuse within the Orthodox Jewish community (OJC) and reports of the experiences of victims, perpetrators, the Jewish and general community, and professionals in the North America, Israel, and Australia. Results suggest that promoting interventions based on community knowledge and resilience, together with training in order to better understand the needs of the OJC and of closed communities in general.

 

Stressors of Rape Crisis Work from the Perspectives of Advocates with and without Sexual Assault Victimization History Mihelivoca, M., Wegrzyn, A., Brown, M., & Greeson, M.R. (2021).

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(19-20), 10766 – 10789.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Prosecutors, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 5/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2022
Keywords: Sexual Violence

Summary:

Volunteer survivor advocates are vital to the provision of services by Rape Crisis Centers.  Findings from the study have implications for supporting advocates by better understanding the stressors that may lead to negative outcomes and informing individual coping, training, and overall organizational support of advocates.