Browse Research Abstracts

Retained bullets after firearm injury: A survey on surgeon practice patterns Smith, R.N., Tracy, B.M., Smith, S., Johnson, S., Martin, N.D., & Seamon, M.J. (2020)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 21

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2020
Keywords: Other crime or violence

Summary:

This study explored the practice of retaining bullets during/following surgery. Researchers found that a minority of surgeons are likely to remove bullets and that psychological conditions are rare indications for bulletectomy. Pain (88.1%) and a palpable bullet (71.2%) were the most frequent indications for removal.

Mosaic or melting pot? Race and juror decision making in Canada and the United States Maeder, E.M., McManus, L.A. (2020)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 1 – 22

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2020
Keywords: Other crime or violence

Summary:

This study investigated the impact of race in jury decision making by assessing the influence of defendant race on Canadian and American participants’ verdicts in an assault trial. The study also examined mock jurors’ attributions of the defendant’s behavior and their perceptions of the cultural criminal stereotype for each racial group. Results demonstrated that although verdicts did not significantly differ as a function of defendant race or country, stability and control attributions did vary between Canadian and American participants, as did racial stereotypes. In addition, defendant race affected internal versus external attributions, regardless of country.

Understanding intimate partner violence involving the deaf population Mastrocinque, J.M., Cerulli, C. Thew, D., Chin, N.P., & Pollard, R.Q. (2020)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 1 – 23

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Sexual assault

Summary:

This study explored the social context of interpersonal violence (IPV) perpetration involving the deaf population through interviews with deaf or hard-of-hearing individuals who self-identified as perpetrating either physical or sexual abuse in an intimate relationship where at least one partner was deaf. Findings were compared with IPV trends in the general (hearing) population, and prompt concerns that universal IPV interventions may not effectively address the needs of the deaf population. Recommendations for diversifying screening efforts, modifying screening tools, and tailoring interventions to better address IPV involving deaf and hard-of-hearing populations is discussed in the article.

Low resting heart rate and stalking perpetration Boisvert, D., Wells, J., Armstrong, T., Lewis, R.H., Woeckener, M., & Nobles, M.R. (2020)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 35(11-12), 2271 – 2296

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2020
Keywords: Stalking

Summary:

There is evidence to suggest that individuals with low resting heart rate are more likely to engage in a variety of antisocial behaviors. The present study examines whether this finding can be extended to stalking. It was found that individuals with low resting heart rates had significantly greater odds of engaging in stalking behavior, although this was only true for males, not for females.

Connecting the dots: Identifying suspected serial sexual offenders through forensic DNA evidence Campbell, R., Feeney, H., Goodman-Williams, R., Sharma, & Pierce, S.J. (2020)

Psychology of Violence, 10(3). 255 – 267

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2020
Keywords: Sexual assault

Summary:

This study examined the forensic DNA testing results from a large sample of sexual assault kits to gain further understanding of patterns of sexual offending. Results found that over one-third of the perpetrators in the study had two or more sexual assaults linked via DNA which is higher than what has been previously documented in recidivism studies (recidivism is the relapsing of criminal behavior).

Do you believe your partner is capable of killing you? An examination of female IPV survivors’ perceptions of fatality risk indicators Johnson, L., Cusano, J.L., Nikolova, K., Steiner, J.J., & Postmus, J.L. (2020) Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 26.

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

This study examined the factors most associated with lethality risk for survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Different analyses were used to differentiate between women who believed their partners were capable of killing them and those who did not.

Risk factors for male perpetration and female victimization of intimate partner homicide: A Meta-Analysis Spencer, C.M., & Stith, S.M. (2020)

Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 21(3), 527 – 560

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2020
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

This study reports that the strongest risk factors for intimate partner homicide (IPH) were the perpetrator having direct access to a gun, perpetrator’s previous nonfatal strangulation, perpetrator’s previous rape of the victim, perpetrator’s previous threat with a weapon, the perpetrator’s demonstration of controlling behaviors, and the perpetrator’s previous threats to harm the victim. Implications for law enforcement personnel, medical professionals, victim advocates, mental health professionals, and other professionals who may be in contact with potential IPH perpetrators and victims are discussed in this article.

Childhood exposure to partner violence as a moderator of current partner violence and negative parenting Hasselle, A.J., Howell, K.H., Thurston, I.B., Kamody, R.C., & Crossnine, C.B. (2020)

Violence Against Women, 26(8), 851-869

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2020
Keywords: Child Maltreatment, Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Child witness to IPV

Summary:

This study examined the interactive effect of mothers’ exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) during childhood and the impact of IPV on negative parenting practices. Mothers were recruited from community sites serving individuals experiencing IPV. Findings indicated that the following childhood IPV exposure variables moderated the association between current IPV severity and negative parenting practices: total types of IPV witnessed, witnessing sexual IPV, and witnessing psychological IPV. Results highlight the intergenerational effect of violence and the importance of addressing trauma across the family system.

Sexual abuse and assault in a large national sample of children and adolescents. Gewirtz-Meydan, A., & Finkelhor, D. (2020) Child Maltreatment, 25(2), 203 -214

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2020
Keywords: Sexual assault

Summary:

The present study sought to examine features of sexual abuse cases among a U.S. nationally representative sample of 13,052 children and adolescents, ages 0–17 years. Results indicate most offenses are at the hands of other juveniles (76.7% for males and 70.1% for females), primarily acquaintances, and occurring more frequently for adolescents aged 14–17. Whereas girls are mostly abused by males (88.4%), boys are abused by both males (45.6%) and females (54.4%).

Rural child maltreatment: A scoping literature review. Maguire-Jack, K., Jespersen, B., Korbin, J.E., & Spilsbury, J.C. (2020) Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1 -10

Type of Profession: Academics (Educators/Researchers), Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 3/Issue 2 - THE EXCHANGE - April 2020
Keywords: Other crime or violence

Summary:

The current study sought to review existing knowledge on rural child maltreatment. A scoping literature review was conducted to answer whether maltreatment is higher in rural areas compared to urban areas and whether there are unique correlates of maltreatment in rural areas. Of the studies reviewed, five reported higher rates of maltreatment in rural areas, four reported higher rates in urban areas. Overall, child maltreatment rates tended to be higher in urban areas among people of color and higher in rural areas among White people.

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