Browse Research Abstracts

Provider perceptions and domestic violence (DV) survivor experiences of traumatic and anoxic-hypoxic brain injury: Implications for DV advocacy service provision. Nemeth, J.M., Mengo, C., Kulow, E., Brown, A., & Ramirez, R. (2019). Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 28, 6, 744-763

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence)

Summary:

Intimate partner violence, especially physical assaults, can result in significant negative physical health problems, including those that affect the functioning of the brain. This study assessed provider perceptions of the frequency and impact of brain injury among survivors served and surveyed survivors about their experiences with head injury.

Battered and brain injured: Traumatic brain injury among women survivors of intimate partner violence – A scoping review. Haag, H.L., Jones, D., Joseph, T. & Colantonio, A. (2019). Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1-18.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence)

Summary:

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious consequence of intimate partner violence (IPV) that is often overlooked or misdiagnosed. Repeated trauma to the head can cause brain tissue degeneration resulting in fatigue, depression and mood changes, memory loss, confusion, aggression, impaired judgment, and difficulty with everyday tasks and can lead to dementia and other chronic health conditions. The purpose of this review of the literature was to gain an understanding of prevalence, investigate screening tool use, generate IPV/TBI-specific support recommendations, and identify suggestions for future research.

Animal abuse as a type of trauma: Lessons for human and animal service professionals. Randour, M.L., Smith-Blackmore, M., Blaney, N., DeSousa, D., & Guyony, A-A. (2019). Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1 – 12.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Child witness to IPV

Summary:

Animal abuse frequently occurs at the same time and the same place as other types of violence, particularly family violence. In this article, the authors cite some of the research and propose that it is the responsibility of both animal service and human service professionals to be aware of its occurrence, understand its significance, and promote appropriate professional and policy responses to it.

Can justice system interventions prevent intimate partner homicide? An analysis of rates of help seeking prior to fatality. Koppa, V., & Messing, J.T. (2019). Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 25.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

This study examined data from one large urban police jurisdiction to understand rates of help seeking by homicide victims in the 1 to 3 years prior to the homicide. Results indicate high rates of engagement of police officers with intimate partner homicide victims before their deaths and highlight the opportunity for homicide prevention through integration of risk assessment.

College campus sexual assault and female students with disabilities. Campe, M.I. (2019). Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 26.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2019
Keywords: Sexual assault

Summary:

The present study uses data from the female respondents of the American College Health Association’s Fall 2016 National College Health Assessment to explore the relationship between female college campus sexual assault victimization and disability status. For example, being blind or partially sighted increased the odds of any type of sexual assault; while having a learning disability increased the odds of a completed sexual assault. ADHD and psychiatric conditions were also associated with increased odds of assault, as were alcohol and substance abuse.

Incarcerated women’s experiences of staff-perpetrated rape: Racial disparities and justice gaps in institutional responses. Fedock, G., Cummings, C., Kubiak, S., Bybee, D., Campbell, R., & Darcy, K. (2019). Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 25.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2019
Keywords: Sexual assault

Summary:

Within correctional settings, incarcerated women have disproportionately high rates of experiencing staff-perpetrated sexual victimization. In this study, Black women represented over half of the incarcerated women who experienced staff-perpetrated rape, but there were significant differences by race between women with regard to prison staff’s responses to their reports.

Anatomy of the homicide rise. Rosenfeld, R., & Fox, J.A. (2019). Homicide Studies, 23(3), 202 – 224.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

After declining for over two decades, homicides in the United States rose sharply in 2015 and 2016. In this article, researchers dissect the homicide rise by characteristics of the victims, offenders, and incidents and devote special attention to the similarities and differences in homicide growth by race.

Removing firearms from those prohibited from possession by domestic violence restraining orders: A survey and analysis of state laws. Zeoli, A.M., Frattaroli, S., Roskam, K., & Herrera, A. (2019). Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 20(1), 114 – 125.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Clerks/Other Court Personnel, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 4 - THE EXCHANGE - October 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence), Other crime or violence

Summary:

Research shows the dangers firearms pose when violent intimate partners have access to them. Under federal and many state laws, persons under domestic violence restraining orders (DVROs) are prohibited from possession of firearms. The authors of this article analyzed state laws pertaining to the relinquishment or removal of firearms from persons prohibited from possession by DVROs.

Housing interventions for intimate partner violence survivors: A systematic review. Klein, L.B., Chesworth, B.R., Howland-Myers, J.R., Rizo, C.F., & Macy, R.J. (2019). Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1 – 16.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2019
Keywords: Intimate partner violence (IPV) (domestic violence)

Summary:

Intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors are much more likely to experience housing insecurity or homelessness than  people who have not experienced IPV. Results from this study showed that there is an overall dearth of research concerning interventions that address IPV survivors’ housing insecurity and needs and how effective they can be for survivors.

Social reactions and women’s decisions to report sexual assault to law enforcement. DePrince, A.P., Wright, N., Gagnon, K.L., Srinivas, T., & Labus, J. (2019). Violence Against Women, 1 – 18.

Type of Profession: Advocates, Health Care Professionals, Judges, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals, Other Attorneys, Prosecutors
Volume: Volume 2/Issue 3 - THE EXCHANGE - July 2019
Keywords: Sexual assault

Summary:

The current study addressed the dearth of research on links between the social reactions women received from community-based providers and informal supports, and reporting to law enforcement.  Findings showed that law enforcement reporting was associated with having received more positive reactions (tangible aid) and less negative reactions (distraction, being treated differently) from informal supports and more tangible aid and less emotional support from community-based providers.

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