The intersection of stalking and the severity of intimate partner abuse.

Author(s): 
Brady, P.Q. & Hayes, B.E. (2018)
Source: 
Violence and Victims, 33(2), 218 – 238
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Summary: 

This study examined the connection between stalking and the level of severity of intimate partner abuse and reports factors associated with more risk to victims.

Abstract: 

Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects millions of people in the U.S. each year. According to recent national estimates, 31.5% of women and 27.5% of men have experienced IPV in their lifetimes (Breiding et al., 2014). Additionally, 22.3% of women and 14% of men have experienced at least one form of severe IPV in their lifetime (e.g., strangulation/suffocation, hit with a fist or something hard, and/or assaulted with a weapon; Breiding et al., 2014). These findings are of particular concern, given that prior physical violence has been identified as a significant predictor of intimate partner femicide in 65%–80% of cases (Campbell, Glass, Sharps, Laughon, & Bloom, 2007; Campbell et al., 2003; McFarlane, Campbell, & Watson, 2002; McFarlane et al., 1999; Moracco, Runyan, & Butts, 1998). Additionally, national estimates show that 15.2% of U.S. women have experienced some degree of stalking within their lifetime (Breiding et al., 2014) with current or former intimate partners being the most common perpetrator (Baum, Catalano, Rand, & Rose, 2009; Breiding et al., 2014; Logan, 2010).

This study examined the intersection of stalking and the severity of IPV. Examining stalking within the context of IPV is important given that stalking has been found to increase the risk of intimate partner homicide (Campbell et al., 2003; McFarlane et al., 1999, 2002; Moracco et al., 1998).

Study findings indicate that (a) victims of life threatening abuse by an intimate partner were significantly more likely to experience stalking than victims of nonlethal abuse; (b) stalking increased the risk of life-threatening abuse; and (c) threats to kill the victim if she left was the only significant stalking-related behavior that increased the risk for life-threatening abuse. In addition, an offender’s prior record and a higher number of previous abusive incidents increased the risk of 

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